Vegetable planting guide for beginners in South Africa 2019

Vegetable gardening is a form of farming anyone can delve into, and it’s highly beneficial as a farmer can grow a wide variety of vegetables like; tomatoes, lettuce, peas, carrots, cucumbers, radishes, peppers, onions, and beans.

Here are how to grow your garden:

SOIL: The soil provides an anchor for the plants. It also contains nutrients that the plants require for growth. To obtain the best quality of products, you should ensure that the soil that you intend to use for your project is high in nutrients. You should also ensure that it has a high tolerance to diseases and attacks by bugs since the quality of your plants entirely depends on the soil.

Alternatively, if your soils do not possess the high nutrient contents, you can always modify them. Improving the soil nutrient content is not a complicated process. The simplest way is by adding organic matter to your soils. As the matter decomposes, it turns into nutrients that will be helpful to your soil and vegetables at large.

Location and size of your garden: The location of your garden also plays a significant role in determining the quality of vegetables that you will produce. For your vegetables to flourish, there has to be an ambient environment. The ambiance is influenced by the following factors; wind, sun, water, and spacing of your plants.

Your garden should be situated in a place that is not prone to wind. Windy conditions can be too harsh on your vegetables and cause them to break before they mature. You can alternatively plant trees around your garden to act as windbreakers. Exposure to the sun is another important aspect. Your garden should be located in an area that gets at least eight hours of exposure to the sun daily. The sun is a crucial component for photosynthesis. The exposure should also not be excess as it may cause the water in the soil to evaporate and interfere with the mineral uptake of the plants from the soil.

The Season: Being informed on this will save you the cost of wasting your resources by planting crops during the wrong season. Also, it is wise to focus on the vegetables that thrive in the climate of the area you are in.

Organic seeds South Africa

Organic seeds South Africa is an organization that conducts research and sells organic seeds. These seeds are of different types. They range from heirloom, hybrid, and open-pollinated seeds. Most people who intend to try gardening do not have clear information on what differentiates these seeds.

What is an heirloom seed?

Regarding vegetables, heirloom seeds are open-pollinated seeds. This means that the seeds from a particular season will yield plants that have most of the features of the parent plant. Hybrid seeds, on the other hand, are a special breed that does not go through open pollination. Hence the newly produced seed does not have the features of the parent plant. Hybrid species are created to provide seeds that have a higher yield and can resist diseases. They, however, are not genetically modified species.

Open-pollinated seeds are those whose pollination occurs through natural means like through the influence of insects, wind, human beings or birds. The seeds that are produced through this method tend to be more genetically diverse. They also have a high likelihood of adapting to different growing conditions vegetables.

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